Volume 9, No. 3, 2020
|Demonstration of Improved Chickpea Varieties in L/Maichew, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia
Kiros Wolday, Berhe Abrha and Tesfay Araya
Int J Agri Biosci, 2020, 9(3): 112-115.
AbstractFull text pdf
Limited access of improved chickpea varieties by the farmers is one of the bottle necks for the low productivity and production of chickpea. Therefore, on farm demonstration of Teketay varietiey and standard check (Dalota) were carried out inin L/maichew (Hatsebo and Hadsh-Adi kebelles) in 2018/2019 in the main cropping season. The current study was aimed to increase cickpea production and productivity through the improved chickpea varieties under the farmers condition with the following specific objectives:i) to demonstrate high yielding chickpea varieties ii) to assess farmers perception towards the new chickpea variety(Teketay). A total of 30 participant farmers were selected from two chickpea growing potential Kebeles of Laelay maichew district to carryout the demonstration activity. One new chickpea variety (Teketay) was compared (demonstrated) with one standard check (Dalota) on plot area of 20m*20m (400 m2) in each farmer’s field.Yield and perception of farmers data were collected and analyzed using SAS and SPSS soft wares in order to evaluate the performance of the varieties. Analysis of variance result showed there was no statistical significance between the two varieties. And farmers showed similar preferences for each verities. Hence, Teketay could be scale up/out in L/maichew and similar agroecologies to have a basket choice of varieties for the end users/farmers.
Keywords: Control, Caryedon serratus,Tamarindus indica
|Pre-extension Popularization of Improved Faba bean (Hachalu) Variety in Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia
Berhe Abraha and Kiros wolday
Int J Agri Biosci, 2020, 9(3): 116-119.
AbstractFull text pdf
This pre-extension popularization was carried out in two purposively selected districts of central zone of Tigray, viz., La’elay Maichew and Tahitay Maichew. The aim of the study was i) to popularize improved Faba bean variety (Hachalu) so as to increase production and productivity of the crop with its full packages at farmer’s fields ii) to assess the perception about the acceptance of the technology/ Hachalu variety by the smallholder farmers in the study areas. Two Faba bean potential Districts were selected and from these districts potential peasant association for growing Faba bean were also selected purposely. One peasant association (Debrebirhan) in Laelay Maichew and four peasant association (Kewanit, Hadush-Adi My-Siye and Mirena) were selected in Tahitay Maichew. A total of 88 farmers were purposively selected and awareness created through training about the improved Faba bean varieties and their management practices from the respective districts that are willing and able to participate in adopting improved Faba bean variety (Hachalu). Improved variety i.e., Hachalu was used for pre-extension popularization activity in the areas. Samples of thirty (30) respondents were taken for interviewee for their preference and acceptance of Hachalu variety. A minimum, maximum and mean yield of 1600 kg/ha, 4300 kg/ha and 3060 kg/ha was obtained from Hachalu variety, respectively. Most of (93%) the respondent farmers said the variety is excellent in tillering capacity as well as 71.4% of the farmers perceived best it’s resistant to waterlogging. Similarly, the sampled respondents responded positively for the post-harvest attributes of the improved variety (Hachalu). So that it could be concluded that Hachalu variety was high yielder and highly appreciated/ accepted by the respondent farmers. Therefore, Hachalu variety should be scale up and out to a large number of farmers in the study area and similar agro- ecologies.
Keywords: Central Zone of Tigray; Faba bean; farmers’ perception; pre-extension; Popularization; yield
|Screening of Sesame Genotypes Resistance to Fusarium Wilt Disease (Fusarium oxysporum F. Sp. Sesumi) in Western Tigray, Ethiopia
Assefa Abadi Kebede, Weres Negash Golla and Yirga Belay Kindeya
Int J Agri Biosci, 2020, 9(3): 120-124.
AbstractFull text pdf
Sesame is one of the important oil seed crop in Ethiopia, but its production is challenged by several abiotic and biotic factors. Fusarium wilt disease is among the major sesame production constraints and causes huge yield loss from time to time in western Tigray. Simple lattice design with three replication including eighty-one sesame genotypes was used in the study. The objective of the study was to screen sesame genotypes resistance to fusarium wilt disease on May kadra, western Tigray. The study showed that significant (p < 0.001) variation among genotypes about disease incidence and seed yield. Disease incidence was ranged from Gida-Ayana (0.53%) to Baeker BH-01(87.82%), genotypes. The lowest diseases incidence was observed in Gida-Ayana 0.53%, Gonder-1(1.01%), Nigara-MK-01 (1.53%), Tegil (1.73%) and Hirhir (1.84%) respectively. whereas the highest disease incidences recorded from Baeker BH-01(87.82%), Lugdi-0188 (86.4%), Baeker BH-15 (73.28%) and Shellela-035(62.16%). The highest yield was recorded from Hirhir (707.9 kg/ha) while the lowest yield obtained from Baeker BH-01(94.8 kg/ha). Negative correlation and highly significant difference among disease incidence, plant population, and seed yield were observed. Genotypes with low disease incidence will be recommended and promoted for breeding programs to develop fusarium wilt resistance.
Keywords: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. sesami, Genotypes, Resistance, Sesame, Yield
|Lizard Meal as Replacement for Fishmeal in Broiler Finisher Birds
Olabode AD, Adetutu OI, Ojuoloruntaye TJ and Eli E
Int J Agri Biosci, 2020, 9(3): 125-127.
AbstractFull text pdf
The growth response and economic benefit of replacing fishmeal with lizard meal in finisher broilers formed the basis of this study. A total number of two hundred and twenty-five (225), four weeks old “Anak 2000” broiler birds were used for the research work. The birds were assigned to five treatment groups of forty-five birds each, replicated three times with fifteen birds per replicate. Lizard meal was included to replace fishmeal at levels of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% corresponding to treatments 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively, with treatment 1 having 100% fishmeal and 0% lizard meal serving as the control. The completely randomized design (CRD) model was adopted. Feed and water were given ad-libitum. Proximate analysis of the lizard meal was carried out. Growth response parameters revealed that there was significant (p<0.05) effect of the test ingredient on the parameters studied. Data obtained showed that birds fed 75% (T4) level of inclusion of lizard meal to replace fishmeal had superior (p<0.05) values of 2987.33g, 1720.33g and 2.17 for final body weight, average body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. While the highest average feed intake was obtained for birds in treatment 2 (4116.29g). Cost-benefit analysis also showed that birds in treatment 4 (75% lizard meal inclusion) was better than the rest of the treatment group under review. Thus, it can be concluded that at the level of 75% replacement of lizard meal for fishmeal, both growth performance and cost benefit analysis were superior to other treatment groups, without any detrimental or negative effect with better gain and benefit.
Keywords: Growth performance, Finisher broiler, Lizard meal, Fishmeal, Cost benefit